Wednesday, April 30, 2014

Z = Zadkine, Valentine Prax and Le Dôme Café - A to Z Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

During the blogfest, you had a glimpse of the ART world, via the alphabetical mini-art tour. For the Final Day of the challenge, we are back in Paris, on the Left Bank, in Montparnasse.


Le Dôme Café, Paris



Painting of the Café du Dome, in old Montparnasse


Le Dôme Café or Café du Dôme is a restaurant in Montparnasse, Paris. It was the first café of its kind there, opening as early as 1898. Known as the 'Anglo-American café', it attracted an artistic and literary crowd. It was frequented by the famous (and soon to be famous) painters, sculptors, writers, poets, models, art connoisseurs and dealers. Le Dôme later became the gathering place of the American literary colony and a focal point for Paris' Left Bank artists. Valentine Prax Zadkine was one of those artists at 'The Dome'.




Z = Zadkine, Valentine Prax
1897-1981


Valentine Prax Zadkine, a French painter, didn't come to Paris until 1919. Her early life was spent in French Algeria. When she first began her life in Paris, Valentine lived in poverty in a tiny studio on rue Rousselet, in Montparnasse. Her accommodations improved when an established painter, Charles Dufresne, discovered her and loaned his studio on
the Ile St-Louis for her use.

Valentine frequented The Dome and La Rotonde, the cafés where the 'great avant-garde' met to discuss art and ideas. It was at The Dome that she met the sculptor, Ossip Zadkine, who had emigrated from Russia in 1910. They married the following year.

In 1920, Valentine began exhibiting at the Salon d'Automne and the Salon des Tuileries as well as the exhibition in 1924 at Galerie Berthe Weill. By this time, she was starting to establish a reputation for her work, which explored rural life in a raw expressionistic manner.

In 1937, she exhibited alongside Picasso. In 1967, when Ossip died, Valentine worked to prepare a museum for 300 of his works, in his former home where he lived between 1928-1967. When she died in 1981, Valentine gave Ossip's property to the museum.
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To view Valentine's paintings:

http://www.zadkine.com/works/valentine-prax The works of Valentine Prax Zadkine; Zadkine Research Centre.
Please visit the web site to see more images and information.
 
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Have you heard of Valentine Prax or Valentine Prax Zadkine? Have you heard of her husband, Ossip Zadkine, sculptor? Have you been to Le Dôme in Paris?

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Thanks to all those who dropped by during this month of April, as part of the A to Z Challenge! I've enjoyed the comments and the discussions. This group of ART themed posts will reside under a tab at the top of the blog, after April.

Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on.

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References:

http://www.haninafinearts.com/artists/valentine_prax/biography - Valentine Biography

http://www.zadkine.com/life/biography Biography of Ossip, and photo of the couple

http://www.zadkine.com/life/valentine-prax Valentine Prax Zadkine

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Le_D%C3%B4me_Caf%C3%A9 Le Dome Café


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Image credits:

a painting of the Café du Dome, Montparnasse.
(Painting by unknown author who died more than 100 years ago.)

This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.
This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.

You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years, Russia has 74 years for some authors. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term.

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22 comments:

  1. HI DG .. I haven't heard of Valentine-Prax Zadkine ... she must have been a very interesting artist and obviously was brilliant enough to mix in very avant garde circles ... now you've really interested me - and I'll check to find out more ..

    Cheers Hilary

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I discovered Ossip Zadkine in the Latin quarter when we saw Prometheus, a statue by Ossip, near Les Deux Magots. After research I discovered Valentine Prax, his wife as well, was an artist. Glad I could stir your interest.

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  2. Congratulations on finishing A-Z!! I have not heard of her before and I really like the painting you featured.

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    1. Thanks, JoJo! I liked that painting, too. It has a peaceful quality.

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  3. I clicked the link you provided that showed 8 of her paintings. I liked the two earlier pieces best. The second of those better than the first. After that... what happened to the faces? They just get blurrier and more disfigured. Don't like it at all. One of them seemed to have strong influences of cubism (if I have learned anything from the series)... I think.

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    1. I'm not fond of the cubist works as much either, but I like the way she paints the people in the scenes, there's an almost Spanish flavor to it, perhaps her time in Algeria has an influence.
      (The blurry faces sometimes indicate 'Everyman', so no distinct features show.) I'm not sure if that's what her purpose was.

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  4. I hadn't heard of Valentine and I have a feeling if she had been a man that wouldn't be the case!

    I've so enjoyed your theme this year. Well done!

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  5. Thanks, Julie, I've enjoyed this theme too, mainly because of the comments and the visitors discussing art. . .

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  6. I'm impressed you found an artist for the letter, "z"! I have not heard of Valentine, but I'm going to go check out her work. I really enjoyed reading your entries for the challenge.

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    1. Merci, Sherry! Glad you enjoyed the art theme, it was a motley mix, but most were names I knew. I used Valentine's hubs, Ossip, in the last A to Z I did in 2012.

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  7. I wonder how Valentine Prax Zadkine fared when the Nazis ruled Paris? She started so poor as so often artists do. Sometimes artists' works branch off in areas that make us scratch our heads. Her work was always unique and lovely though.

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    1. I don't know how Valentine fared, Roland, but I did read another author's tale of occupation from a writer's pov, and it was quite interesting. Writers and artists helped each other.

      I enjoyed your series and all those history facts, it shows us what a winding trail life is. . .

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  8. Oh, how I would have loved to be there, my mom, who loved Paris just like you do, would have loved it even more. And you just gave me an idea for a post.

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    1. Me too. I would have liked to have been Leslie Caron in American in Paris. Now I'm curious, Inger.

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  9. All she needed was a little help to get started.
    Congratulations on completing the Challenge!

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    Replies
    1. Thanks, Alex. "We get by with a little help from our friends," so the four lads said.

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  10. I like her name a lot. Now I'm a fan. :) Congrats on z.

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    Replies
    1. Thanks, Mary! I like her paintings with people best.

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  11. I'd imagine, if you were an artist, that Paris would be a dream location! I remember going to Paris when I was about 15, and there was row after row of Street artists, all who were equally as good as the next.

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    Replies
    1. Lots of competition, but you're right, a dream location. I have great admiration for the ones who had to struggle so. Were you at Tertre Square?

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  12. I'm so glad I came back to this one... FANTASTIC... what a story. From Algeria to Paris. Incredible... especially for a woman from that time...

    Never heard of he, but her work is STUNNING!

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    1. I discovered her, by discovering her husband's statue "Prometheus" in the Latin Qtr outside the Les Deux Magots (when we were there). I researched him for the 2012 A to Z, then his wife, Valentine for this one. Now I'm out of Z's.

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